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Sciatica is a description of symptoms, not a diagnosis. The word ‘sciatica’ entails symptoms like leg pain, tingling, numbness, or weakness that travels down the lower back via the sciatic nerve in the back of the leg. A herniated disc, spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, and spondylolisthesis can all cause sciatica, sending pain throughout the legs.

Common Symptoms Of Sciatica

Common symptoms of sciatica include:


  • Lower back pain.

  • Pain in the rear or leg that is amplified when sitting.

  • Hip pain.

  • Burning or tingling down the leg.

  • Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg or foot.

  • A constant pain on one side of the rear.

  • A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up.

What Causes Sciatica?

Sciatica is caused by irritation of the root(s) of the lower lumbar and lumbosacral spine.


Additional common causes of sciatica include:


  • Lumbar spinal stenosis.

  • Spondylolisthesis.

  • Degenerative disc disease.

  • Muscle spasm in the back or buttocks.

  • Pregnancy.

How Can We Reduce/ Prevent Sciatica?

Not all sources of sciatica are preventable; these include degenerative disc disease, back strain due to pregnancy, and accidental falls. However, you can still take steps to protect your back and reduce your risk of developing sciatica.


These include:


  • Practicing proper lifting techniques. Lift with your back straight, bringing yourself up with your hips and legs, and holding the object close to your chest. Use this technique for lifting everything, no matter how light.

  • Avoiding or giving up cigarette smoking, as it can promote disc degeneration.

  • Exercising regularly to strengthen the muscles of your back and abdomen, which work to support your spine.

  • Using good posture when sitting, standing, and sleeping; good posture helps to relieve the pressure on your lower back.

  • Avoiding sitting down for long periods of time.

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